2.7.4.4. Convex functionΒΆ

A figure showing the definition of a convex function

  • ../../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_convex_001.png
  • ../../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_convex_002.png
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
x = np.linspace(-1, 2)
plt.figure(1, figsize=(3, 2.5))
plt.clf()
# A convex function
plt.plot(x, x**2, linewidth=2)
plt.text(-.7, -.6**2, '$f$', size=20)
# The tangent in one point
plt.plot(x, 2*x - 1)
plt.plot(1, 1, 'k+')
plt.text(.3, -.75, "Tangent to $f$", size=15)
plt.text(1, 1 - .5, 'C', size=15)
# Convexity as barycenter
plt.plot([.35, 1.85], [.35**2, 1.85**2])
plt.plot([.35, 1.85], [.35**2, 1.85**2], 'k+')
plt.text(.35 - .2, .35**2 + .1, 'A', size=15)
plt.text(1.85 - .2, 1.85**2, 'B', size=15)
plt.ylim(ymin=-1)
plt.axis('off')
plt.tight_layout()
# Convexity as barycenter
plt.figure(2, figsize=(3, 2.5))
plt.clf()
plt.plot(x, x**2 + np.exp(-5*(x - .5)**2), linewidth=2)
plt.text(-.7, -.6**2, '$f$', size=20)
plt.ylim(ymin=-1)
plt.axis('off')
plt.tight_layout()
plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.075 seconds)

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